Generic Drug Information

These prefixes, roots, and suffixes apply only to generic names.

prefix, root, suffix

examples (generic names)

drug class or drug category

-afil

avanafil; sildenafil; tadalafil; vardenafil

phospho- diesterase (PDE) inhibitor

-asone

betamethasone; dexamethasone; diflorasone; fluticasone; mometasone

corticosteroid

-bicin

doxorubicin; epirubicin; idarubicin; valrubicin

antineoplastic; cytotoxic agent

-bital

butabarbital; butalbital; phenobarbital; secobarbital

barbiturate (sedative)

-caine

bupivacaine; lidocaine; mepivacaine; prilocaine; proparacaine

local anesthetic

cef-, ceph-

cefaclor; cefdinir; cefixime; cefprozil; cephalexin

cephalosporin antibiotic

-cillin

amoxicillin; ampicillin; dicloxacillin; nafcillin; oxacillin

penicillin antibiotic

cort

clocortolone; fludrocortisone; hydrocortisone

corticosteroid

-cycline

demeclocycline; doxycycline; minocycline; tetracycline

tetracycline antibiotic

-dazole

albendazole; mebendazole; metronidazole; tinidazole

anthelmintic; antibiotic; antibacterial

-dipine

amlodipine; felodipine; nifedipine; nimodipine; nisoldipine

calcium channel blocker

-dronate

alendronate; etidronate; ibandronate; risedronate

bisphosphonate; bone resorption inhibitor

-eprazole

esomeprazole; omeprazole; rabeprazole

proton pump inhibitor (PPI)

-fenac

bromfenac; diclofenac; nepafenac

NSAID

-floxacin

besifloxacin; ciprofloxacin; levofloxacin; moxifloxacin; ofloxacin

quinolone antibiotic

-gliptin

saxagliptin; sitagliptin; linagliptin

antidiabetic; inhibitor of the DPP-4 enzyme

-glitazone

pioglitazone; rosiglitazone; troglitazone

antidiabetic; thiazolidine- dione

-iramine

brompheniramine; chlorpheniramine; pheniramine

antihistamine

-lamide

acetazolamide; brinzolamide; dorzolamide; methazolamide

carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

-mab

adalimumab; daclizumab; infliximab; omalizumab; trastuzumab

monoclonal antibody

-mustine

carmustine; estramustine; lomustine; bendamustine

alkylating agent (antineoplastic)

-mycin

azithromycin; clarithromycin; clindamycin; erythromycin

antibiotic; antibacterial

-nacin

darifenacin; solifenacin

muscarinic antagonist (anticholinergic)

-nazole

fluconazole; ketoconazole; miconazole; terconazole; tioconazole

antifungal

-olol

atenolol; metoprolol; nadolol; pindolol; propranolol; timolol

beta blocker

-olone

fluocinolone; fluorometholone; prednisolone; triamcinolone

corticosteroid

-olone

nandrolone; oxandrolone; oxymetholone

anabolic steroid

-onide

budesonide; ciclesonide; desonide; fluocinonide; halcinonide

corticosteroid

-oprazole

dexlansoprazole; lansoprazole; pantoprazole

proton pump inhibitor (PPI)

parin; -parin

dalteparin; enoxaparin; fondaparinux; heparin; tinzaparin

antithrombotic; anticoagulant (blood thinner)

-phylline

aminophylline; dyphylline; oxtriphylline; theophylline

xanthine derivative (bronchodilator)

-pramine

clomipramine; desipramine; imipramine; trimipramine

tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

pred; pred-

loteprednol; prednicarbate; prednisolone; prednisone

corticosteroid

-pril

benazepril; captopril; enalapril; lisinopril; moexipril; ramipril

ACE inhibitor

-profen

fenoprofen; flurbiprofen; ibuprofen; ketoprofen

NSAID

-ridone

iloperidone; paliperidone; risperidone

atypical antipsychotic

-sartan

candesartan; irbesartan; losartan; olmesartan; valsartan

angiotensin II receptor antagonist; ARB

-semide

furosemide; torsemide

loop diuretic (water pill)

-setron

alosetron; dolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetron

serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist

-setron

dolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetron

antiemetic and antinauseant

-statin

atorvastatin; lovastatin; pitavastatin; pravastatin; rosuvastatin; simvastatin

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; statins

sulfa-

sulfacetamide; sulfadiazine; sulfamethoxazole; sulfasalazine

antibiotic; anti-infective; anti-inflammatory

-tadine

cyproheptadine; desloratadine; loratadine; olopatadine

antihistamine

-tadine

amantadine; rimantadine

antiviral; anti-influenza-A

-terol

albuterol; arformoterol; formoterol; levalbuterol; salmeterol

beta agonist; bronchodilator

-thiazide

chlorothiazide; hydrochloro- thiazide; methyclothiazide

thiazide diuretic (water pill)

-tinib

crizotinib; dasatinib; erlotinib; gefitinib; imatinib

antineoplastic (kinase inhibitor)

-trel

desogestrel; etonogestrel; levonorgestrel; norgestrel

female hormone (progestin)

tretin-; tretin; -tretin

acitretin; alitretinoin; isotretinoin; tretinoin

retinoid; dermatologic agent; form of vitamin A

-triptan

almotriptan; eletriptan; rizatriptan; sumatriptan; zolmitriptan

antimigraine; selective 5-HT receptor agonist

-tyline

amitriptyline; nortriptyline; protriptyline

tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

vir; -vir

abacavir; efavirenz; enfuvirtide; nevirapine; ritonavir; tenofovir

antiviral; anti-HIV

vir; -vir

adefovir; entecavir; ribavirin (along with interferon)

antiviral; anti-hepatitis

-vir

acyclovir; famciclovir; penciclovir; valacyclovir

antiviral; anti-herpes

-vir

cidofovir; ganciclovir; valganciclovir

antiviral; anti-CMV

-vir

oseltamivir; zanamivir

antiviral; anti-flu

-vudine

lamivudine; stavudine; telbivudine; zidovudine

antiviral; nucleoside analogues

-zepam

clonazepam; diazepam; flurazepam; lorazepam; temazepam

benzodiazepine

-zodone

nefazodone, trazodone, vilazodone

antidepressant

-zolam

alprazolam; estazolam; midazolam; triazolam

benzodiazepine

-zosin

aFDAlfuzosin; doxazosin; prazosin; terazosin

alpha blocker

Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)